Implementing Enterprise Risk Management

Editors: Fraser; Simkins and Narvaez

This 650-page book is intended to be a textbook / exercise book, which I believe can be used in a Bachelor’s program for Enterprise Risk Management. It consists of 35 chapters, actually 35 stories, each of which is completed with a questionnaire as a guide for a discussion by a team of students. It is accompanied by another book, namely “Enterprise Risk Management – today’s leading research and best practices for tomorrow’s executives”. The latter is the associated theory book.

Does this mean that you must have to read the theory book first? Not if you already have a good basic knowledge of ERM.

The following items from this book are most memorable to me:

  • The PAPA model of LEGO: Park, Adapt, Prepare and Act. The aim is to determine the overarching strategic response based on how quickly things change in a scenario with respect to the probability that a scenario occurs.
  • The determination of the Risk Appetite based on 7 questions:
  1. How much risk do we think we take now? (Risk perception)
  2. How much risk do we actually take? What evidence do we have? (Risk exposure)
  3. How much risk do we usually like to take? If this is less than under point 1. then we do not feel comfortable. (Risk propensity / culture)
  4. How much risk can we take on / safely? (Risk capacity) This must be greater than under points 1., 2. and 3.
  5. How much risk do we think we should take? (Risk attitude)
  6. How much risk do we actually want to take? (Risk appetite)
  7. How can we implement measures and limits within the processes, products and business units to ensure that our total risk appetite is not exceeded? (Risk limits)
  • What UW (University of Washington) decided about their ERM Model:

    • Assess the risks in the context of the strategic objectives, and identify the interrelation of risk factors throughout the institute, not just for each function exercised.
    • Handle all types of risks: compliance, financial, operational, and strategic.
    • Grow a general awareness that allows individuals to focus their attention on risks with a strategic impact.
    • Improve and reinforce UW’s culture of compliance, while protecting the decentralized, collaborative entrepreneurial orientation of the institute.

  • Three lines of defense of the TD Bank: 1) the business and the accountants, 2) setting standards and challenging business to improve their governance, as well as their risks and control groups their responsibilities and liabilities, and 3) a independent internal audit.
  • The ERM objectives of Zurich Insurance Group:

    •     Protect the basic capital so that the risks that are taken do not exceed the risk tolerance.
    •     Improve the value creation and contribute to an optimal risk / return profile.
    •     Support decision-makers with consistent, timely and correct information about the risks.
    •     Protecting the reputation and brand through a healthy culture of risk awareness and a disciplined and informed risk-taking.

This is just a small sample of the valuable examples that the book displays.

Manu Steens

Manu works at the Flemish Government in risk management and Business Continuity Management. On this website, he shares his own opinions regarding these and related fields. Since 2012, he has been working at the Crisis Centre of the Flemish Government (CCVO), where he has progressed in BCM, risk management, and crisis management. Since August 2021, he has been a knowledge worker for the CCVO. As of January 2024, he works at the Department of Chancellery and Foreign Affairs of the Flemish Government. Here, he combines BCM, risk management, and crisis management to create a tailored form of resilience management to meet the needs of the Flemish Government.

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